The earth has vast biodiversity. Even at this age of development of science, we do not know about all the types of trees. However, here we describe little about the types of trees according to leaves and seeds.
Types of Trees according to leaves
The species of trees classified by trees shed their leaves or not. There are mainly two types of trees by leaves.
- Deciduous Trees
- Evergreen Tree
The leaves of deciduous trees change their color and turn yellow, in the winter season. The trees shed their leaves in the autumn season. eg. Populus tremula, Betula pendula
The leaves of evergreen types of trees remain green. Many of us thought that evergreen Trees never shed their leaves, ‘ but it is not true. Even evergreen trees drop their leaves. However, their remain green all over the season. eg. Pinus roxburghii, Pinus wallanchia, Cornus capitata
According to shape of Leaves
- Broadleaf trees
- Coniferous Trees
Broadleafs are mainly deciduous, but it is not always the case. As the name suggests, having round broad shaped leaves. They are primarily grown in the tropical regions of the world.
Coniferous are having the needles or cone-shaped leaves. The coniferous are mostly evergreen. They are primarily found in the temperate regions of the world. They are also called softwood.
The types of Tree by Seed
Types of trees differentiated by seed. There are two types of trees on seed basis. Angiosperms and gymnosperms.
These types of plants contain the flowers. Their seeds are covered with the cover or enclosed within the fruits. They are mostly broadleaf plants. The angiosperm is largest of the plants on the earth. Approximately 2,70,000 angiosperm plants known to us. Many are undiscovered. They are having many forms such as grasses, shrubs, and trees.
They lack flowers. Their seeds are also naked. Seeds of gymnosperms not enclosed within the fruits. They bear their seed on the cone-like structures. They are mainly softwood. THe gymnosperms are pine or coniferous trees. They occur in a temperate region or on the high altitude.
Below is given the table of some important tree name with their genus